Dandruff scalp. How to treat?

Also known as seborrheic dermatitis, or simply seborrhea, dandruff occurs specifically on the scalp. It affects both kids and adults, irrespective of race or age. It causes white, flaky or yellowish skin to be formed on the scalp as well as other oily areas of the body. The eye brows, ears, eyelids, back of your neck, crease of the nose, armpits, bellybutton and groin are other areas that can be affected. In certain cases, this condition causes redness in the area that is affected and could also appear crusty as well as start to itch.

If not treated, it could even lead to hair loss though this is quite rare. After treating the dandruff, any hair that was lost should be able to grow back.

The condition is not necessarily contagious and does not indicate poor hygiene. You can control it by shampooing using a gentle shampoo daily. However, in very severe cases, a dermatologist will be able to recommend a medicated cream or shampoo.


Dandruff scalesDandruff scalp is a condition that is normally characterised by itchy scalp and flaking and is among the top dermatological conditions. Luckily, though what exactly causes dandruff is still unknown, there are lots of things that you can do in reducing your likelihood of getting the condition. Also, effective treatments do exist. If you have dry skin, you will be more prone to being attacked by saborrhea. This guide will help you treat your condition if you happen to have dry skin.

How To Treat It

1. Use dandruff shampoos

drandruff scalpWhere your dandruff refuses to go away in spite of regular shampooing, you could require something a little stronger.


  • Try using a shampoo containing zinc since zinc helps to fight off dandruff. You can confirm the presence of zinc by looking at the label of the product. Various zinc-based dandruff shampoos are easily available at the pharmacy or even your local grocery store and most of them will work for you.
  • Make sure to read and follow instructions properly. Also, make some extra time to shower since majority of these shampoos require being left on for 5-10 minutes and lather at least twice.
  • Do not be afraid to switch between different types of shampoos in case one type seems to be effective at first only to lose its effectiveness later.
  • With regard to the frequency of applying shampoo dandruff on your scalp, this varies from few days to several times a week. The best thing is to read the directions indicated on the bottle.

2. Try a medicated shampoo

If your dandruff is more severe, you may need to use medicated shampoo. But you need to remember that dandruff shampoos contain lots of active ingredients so in case one doesn’t work for you, just try another one.


  • Ketoconazole, whose brand name is Nizoral, is often a very effective remedy against some kinds of dandruff caused by fungus.
  • In UK, you can find 1% Ketoconazole without needing prescription but 2% will require prescription.

3. Home treatment

Because the condition is generally harmless, there are several home remedies that you can use to cure it without requiring prescription. Brushing your hair, as well as using dandruff shampoo, is among the fastest and most effective methods of treatment.Using steady and firm strokes, brush your hair from the scalp down. This action causes the oil to be carried from the scalp to the hair strands and thus prevent it from causing itchy scalp but instead keep your hair healthy and shiny.

When to seek the help of a doctor

seborrheic dermatitisIt is advisable to see a dermatologist if you happen to be still scratching even after using over-the-counter medications for the problem. It is especially important to seek the help of a doctor if your problem persists for more than a few weeks after treatment. Where you suffer from really stubborn cases of dandruff, it may be important to use prescription shampoos for dry scalp treatment. Prescription shampoos are available and you could also use prescription steroid creams.


Dandruff scalp is a common condition of the skin that affects people of all ages and race. It is especially prevalent in people who have dry scalps. Its main symptoms are flaking and itchy skin. The good news though is that the condition is largely treatable by home remedies or even prescription shampoos. The above are some of the ways through which you can deal with your condition.




  1. I have a hard dandruff. What kind of shampoo do you recommend? I’ve tried BIOXINE production, but doesn’t help…

    • Dr. Henry Galor Feb 8, 2015 at 4:17 pm

      It is very important what is the level of your dandruff. SEBAMED has good reviews, but I cannot recommend because i do not know exactly your situation. Please contact me personally.

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